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pdf Evaluation to connect national priorities with the SDGs New


Evaluation to connect national priorities with the SDGs


Bringing people together is powerful. This guide was inspired by a workshop attended by 33 government representatives and evaluation specialists from 22 countries, entitled Evaluation to connect national priorities with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Hosted in Helsinki in March, the event was jointly organised by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, EVALSDGs, IIED and UNICEF. We four then came together again to create this guide. We replicated the workshop title because this resource captures and shares our learning from it, on how evaluation can accelerate national journeys to a more sustainable future.

The workshop fostered cross-country learning, allowing us to discover common challenges in using evaluation to support the alignment of national plans with the expectations of the SDGs. This was a vital exercise: a significant gap remains between government commitment to Agenda 2030 and implementation, due in part to competing demands. Listening to government officials, evaluation professionals and regional and multilateral organisations, a theme emerged: if evaluation is to assist in aligning national policy with Agenda 2030, it must be bespoke, built around existing political and assessment systems.

We decided to meet this need together, collaborating on a guide to country-led SDG evaluation. Each entity brought a relevant critical background: Finland is a strong advocate for effective national SDG evaluation as well as being the only country to complete one; EVALSDGs and IIED have been co-publishing a successful series of policy briefing papers on the topic since 2016; and UNICEF — a co-chair of EVALSDGs — has long nurtured the debate in high-profile global spaces, as well as providing comprehensive country-level training. Our respective websites offer more information.

Even as we build on experience, we are continually learning from emerging practice. Finland has completed the first ever national-level SDG evaluation; Nigeria is making strong headway and will begin a national-level SDG evaluation shortly. It is thanks to these pioneers that we can weigh the effectiveness of different practices, reflect on challenges, and see the possibility of reconciling an assessment of priorities developed in national plans and policies with the 2030 Agenda. Their innovation and generosity have made this leading-edge guide possible. It will in turn support many others, not least Costa Rica, which is advancing its own SDG evaluation plans.

With SDG evaluation in its infancy, this resource is necessarily provisional. But time is of the essence. Local and national evaluators need support now if they are to use SDG evaluation as an opportunity to improve policies and programmes closer to home, applying tailored approaches. Here, we seek to provide this support and to motivate evaluation that embodies the principles of Agenda 2030: integration, equity, resilience, environmental sustainability, universality, mutual accountability and leaving no one behind.


Dorothy Luck, co-chair, EVALSDGs
Stefano D’Errico, head of monitoring, evaluation and learning, IIED
Anu Saxen, director of the Development Evaluation Unit, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland Ada Ocampo, senior evaluation specialist, UNICEF

pdf Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights


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Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework


These Guiding Principles are grounded in recognition of:

  1. (a)  States’ existing obligations to respect, protect and fulfil human rights and fundamental freedoms;

  2. (b)  The role of business enterprises as specialized organs of society performing specialized functions, required to comply with all applicable laws and to respect human rights;

  3. (c)  The need for rights and obligations to be matched to appropriate and effective remedies when breached.

These Guiding Principles apply to all States and to all business enterprises, both transnational and others, regardless of their size, sector, location, ownership and structure.

These Guiding Principles should be understood as a coherent whole and should be read, individually and collectively, in terms of their objective of enhancing standards and practices with regard to business and human rights so as to achieve tangible results for affected individuals and communities, and thereby also contributing to a socially sustainable globalization.

Nothing in these Guiding Principles should be read as creating new international law obligations, or as limiting or undermining any legal obligations a State may have undertaken or be subject to under international law with regard to human rights.

These Guiding Principles should be implemented in a non-discriminatory manner, with particular attention to the rights and needs of, as well as the challenges faced by, individuals from groups or populations that may be at heightened risk of becoming vulnerable or marginalized, and with due regard to the different risks that may be faced by women and men.

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pdf The global assessment report on BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES Popular


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The global assessment report on BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES


A key objective of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is to provide Governments, the private sector and civil society with scientifically credible and independent up-to-date assessments of available knowledge for better evidence-informed policy decisions and action at the local, national, regional and global levels.

This Global Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services has been carried out by about 150 selected experts from all regions of the world, including 16 early career fellows, assisted by 350 contributing authors. More than 15,000 scientific publications were analyzed as well as a substantive body of indigenous and local knowledge. Its chapters were accepted, and its summary for policymakers was approved, by the more than 130 Governments that constitute the Members of IPBES, at the seventh session of the IPBES Plenary (29th April to 4th May, 2019), hosted by France at UNESCO in Paris.

This report represents a critical assessment, the first in almost 15 years (since the release of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005) and the first ever carried out by an intergovernmental body, of the status and trends of the natural world, the social implications of these trends, their direct and indirect causes, and, importantly, the actions that can still be taken to ensure a better future for all. These complex links have been assessed using a simple, yet very inclusive framework that should resonate with a wide range of stakeholders, since it recognizes diverse world views, values and knowledge systems.

The concept of nature’s contributions to people, which is discussed in detail in chapter 1, embraces a wide range of descriptions of human-nature interactions, including through the concept of ecosystem services and other descriptions, which range from strongly utilitarian to strongly relational. The concept of nature’s contribution to people was developed to embrace a fuller and more symmetric consideration of diverse stakeholders and world views, and a richer evidence base for action, i.e., the knowledge base offered by the natural and social sciences, the humanities, and the knowledge of practitioners and indigenous and local communities. The reporting system for nature’s contributions to people has a gradient of complementary and overlapping approaches, ranging from a generalizing to a context-specific perspective. The generalizing perspective is analytical in purpose and is organized into eighteen categories of material, non-material and regulating contributions. The context-specific perspective is typical of indigenous and local knowledge systems, where knowledge production does not typically seek to explicitly extend or validate itself beyond specific geographic and cultural contexts. In this way, the nature’s contributions to people approach (or the IPBES approach) builds on the existing approaches, descriptors and metrics used by different communities of practice in the search for understanding and solutions.

In the last 10-15 years, since the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, there has been a significant increase in our understanding of biodiversity and ecosystems, as well as their importance to the quality of life of every person. There is also greater understanding now about which policies, practices, technologies and behaviors can best lead to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and the achievement of many of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. However, biodiversity is still being lost, ecosystems are still being degraded and many of nature’s contributions to people are being compromised.

The Assessment is critical today because evidence has accumulated that the multiple threats to biodiversity have intensified since previous reports, and that the sustainable use of nature will be vital for adapting to and mitigating dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, as well as for achieving many of our most important development goals.

The findings of this Assessment focus on the global scale, spanning the period from the 1970s to 2050. They are based on an unprecedented collection of evidence, integrating natural and social science perspectives, a range of knowledge systems and multiple dimensions of value. This is the first global-level assessment to systematically consider evidence about the contributions of indigenous and local knowledge and practices, and issues concerning Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities. All these features result in a more holistic assessment of indirect drivers as root causes of changes in nature and the associated risks to the quality of life of all people.

As the Chair and the Executive Secretary of IPBES, we wish to recognize the excellent and dedicated work of the co-chairs, Professors Sandra Díaz (Argentina), Eduardo S. Brondízio (Brazil and USA), and Josef Settele (Germany) and of all the coordinating lead authors, lead authors, review editors, fellows, contributing authors and reviewers, and to warmly thank them for their commitment, and for contributing their time freely to this important report. We would also like to thank Hien Ngo and Maximilien Guèze from the technical support unit located at the IPBES secretariat in Bonn, Germany, because this report would not have been possible without their extraordinary dedication. Our thanks also go the current and former members of the Multidisciplinary Expert Panel (MEP) and of the Bureau who provided guidance as part of the management committee for this report, and to members of other technical support units within the IPBES secretariat, who have supported the production of this report. We would also like to thank all Governments and other institutions that provided financial and in-kind support for the preparation of this assessment.

The IPBES Global Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, together with the four IPBES regional assessments of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, and the two thematic Assessments of Pollination, Pollinators and Food Production, and of Land Degradation and Restoration, form an impressive corpus of knowledge to make better-informed decisions regarding the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. The IPBES Global Assessment is expected to be an important evidence base for the assessment of progress towards the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in the fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook and to play a major role in the consideration of the post 2020 biodiversity framework by the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, in October 2020. It is also expected to inform implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. It is our sincere hope that the IPBES Global Assessment will continue to place biodiversity at the top of the global political agenda, with similar priority to that accorded to climate change. The process leading to COP 15 offers this opportunity.

Sir Robert T. Watson

Chair of IPBES from 2016 to 2019

Anne Larigauderie

Executive Secretary of IPBES

Source: IPBES

Related to SDG 13: Climate action


pdf Yearbook of Global Climate Action 2019


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Yearbook of Global Climate Action 2019

The Paris Agreement was an unprecedented turning point in the global struggle against climate change. It was a commitment by nations of the world that, for the first time, they would work together to combat climate change, adapt to its effects and assist developing countries in doing the same. It was a multilateral success, charted a new course, and offered both hope and action to people of the world.

Parties to the Agreement recognized, however, that governments alone could not solve the climate crisis. They recognized that overcoming this struggle, the defining challenge of our generation, needed the broad engagement of civil society; of businesses, investors, regions, cities, local governments and everyday people. The Marrakech Partnership was created to bring together the work of these groups—strengthening collaboration between governments and key stakeholders to immediately lower emissions and increase resilience against climate impacts.

Since that first step, global climate action throughout the world has increased exponentially. There have been examples of practical action, stories of captured opportunity and lessons learned that are adaptable throughout the planet. They are also often inspiring, acting as beacons guiding other businesses and groups to follow.

The 2019 Yearbook of Global Climate Action, like editions preceding it, brings this knowledge and these success

stories together to inform policymakers as they prepare for the upcoming global climate negotiations in Madrid. This is, however, more than a compendium of examples and inspiring stories—it’s a valuable source of information and a tool for policymakers looking for ways to incentivize climate-friendly action and draw economies and people away from climate- harming activities.

While the lessons contained within the Yearbook are numerous, the importance of coordination is paramount. On one level, coordination is about avoiding duplication of efforts—ensuring time and resources are not wasted by two or more groups doing the same work. On another level, coordination is about aligning policies, programs and services in a climate-positive direction. This could mean, in some cases, aligning business goals with the Paris Agreement, or ensuring government policies related to climate change are not restricted to one department or ministry alone; that they are truly cross-cutting and, ultimately, effective.

Another lesson that stands out in this Yearbook is related to incentives. It underlines what should already be clear—we need to rapidly begin making the transition away from subsidies and incentives for fossil fuel-related areas and towards renewable and sustainable solutions. At the same time, while this transition is both necessary and urgent, we must also recognize that this must be a just transition, that takes into consideration those people—their jobs and their families—who will ultimately be affected.


Patricia Espinosa

Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC

Source: UNFCCC

Related to SDG 13: Climate action

pdf Strategic Outcome Document of the International Year of Indigenous Languages (IYIL2019) Popular


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Strategic Outcome Document of the International Year of Indigenous Languages  (IYIL2019)

The present document refers to the Strategic Outcome Document of the International Year of Indigenous Languages (IYIL2019) and intends to inform Member States of the progress achieved in follow up to the UNGA resolution and in the implementation of the Action Plan for organizing the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages. The document also summarizes the outcomes of the consultative process launched by UNESCO and the Steering Committee for the organization of the International Year of Indigenous Languages. The present document also informs on UNESCO’s role and specific contribution with regard to the organization of the International Year of Indigenous Languages.

The preparation of the Strategic Outcome document benefited from the editorial expertise of members of the Open-ended Drafting Group established by UNESCO and the Steering Committee. It was further enriched by meetings organized during the 18th session of the UNPFII (22 April-3 May 2019), the 12th session of the EMRIP (15-19 July 2019) and its statement on IYIL2019 (28 January 2019), as well as online consultations organized by UNESCO in August and September 2019, and the contributions received from a large group of indigenous peoples, intergovernmental, research, national and regional organizations, and individual experts. The outcomes of the international and regional consultative meetings organized in cooperation with Member States, Indigenous peoples and other stakeholders also contributed to the preparation of this document.

Source: IYIL

pdf Sustainable Development Outlook 2019: Gathering Storms and Silver Linings Popular


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Sustainable Development Outlook 2019: Gathering Storms and Silver Linings


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as enshrined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development embody our best hope for a sustainable future, but they are facing considerable challenges in implementation. The Sustainable Development Outlook 2019: Gathering storms and silver linings offers a candid overview of these compounding and mutually reinforcing challenges. Weakening global growth, rising income inequality, aggravating climate change, protracted conflicts, growing migration pressures and rapid technological changes are shaping the pace and trajectory of SDG progress. Strong political commitments at the national level—as manifest in more than 150 Voluntary National Reviews of the SDG progress during the past four years—underpin our collective resolve for overcoming these challenges and making sustainable development a reality for all.

The world must address the over-arching challenges of rising inequality and climate change to accelerate the SDG progress. Persistently high levels of inequality entrenches uncertainty and insecurity among people, reinforcing divisions and undermining trust in institutions and government. We must also fulfil our promise to fight climate change. The world continues to experience rising sea levels, extreme weather conditions and increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases. Both the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events are on the rise.

Technological advances and breakthroughs—if leveraged effectively—can deliver the basic needs of humanity and reduce economic insecurity. Enhancing and ensuring food, shelter, health and energy securities can be a catalyst for sustainable development. While frontier and technological breakthroughs offer the best hope for achieving the SDGs, they cannot be taken for granted. We must make meticulous societal choices and guide technology in the right direction to deliver the common good.

The challenges that the SDGs face today are truly global. No nation alone can overcome these challenges. The greening of our economies—creating millions of new green jobs, while addressing the challenges of inequality, climate change and fast-paced technological change—will increasingly require broader and stronger international cooperation. We must show that multilateralism can turn these challenges into opportunities and achieve sustainable development for all.

Mr. LIU Zhenmin Under-Secretary-General Economic and Social Affairs

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Source: UN

pdf Handbook for preparation of Voluntary National Reviews 2020 Popular


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Handbook for preparation of Voluntary National Reviews 2020


Voluntary national reviews (VNRs) are part of the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. As stated in paragraph 84 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, regular reviews in the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) are to be voluntary, state-led, undertaken by both developed and developing countries, and provide a platform for partnerships, including through the participation of major groups and other relevant stakeholders.1 

VNRs make possible the sharing of experiences, including successes, challenges and lessons learned, with a view to accelerating the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. They are most meaningful when they involve an inclusive, participatory, transparent and thorough review process at the national and sub-national levels, when they are evidence- based, produce tangible lessons and solutions, and when they are followed by concrete action and collaboration that drives SDG implementation. Four years into the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, VNR can also be a useful tool to show progress in the implementation and impact of policies and strategies that have been put in place. It is especially important for countries presenting their second VNR to show progress that has been made since their first VNR. They are encouraged to address in particular those areas which they identified in their first VNR as challenging and not to repeat what has already been presented in their first VNR. The emphasis should be on implementation and progress. 

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pdf 10 STORIES OF IMPACT Popular


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The global water community has made it crystal clear in the last few years: “The global climate change crisis is increasing variability in the water cycle, thus reducing thepredictability of water availability and demand, affecting water quality, exacerbating water scarcity and threateningsustainable development worldwide.”1

What does this mean in practice? It means that floods and droughts are becoming more frequent and severe. Rainfall patterns are growing more erratic and sea levels are rising. These changes threaten the livelihoods of people, particularlythe poorest and most vulnerable; they threaten ecosystems and their ability to restore and sustain us; and they makeinvesting in and growing our economies much harder.

It is critical, then, that water security and climate resilience are incorporated as key factors in regional and national development. But in most cases they are not.

The Global Water Partnership (GWP) and its FinancingPartners saw this gap emerging in the early 2000s, and by the end of the decade they began designing the Water, Climate and Development Programme (WACDEP).Launched in 2011, the programme aim was to enhance economic growth and human security by integrating water and climate adaptation into development planningand investments. To achieve this, GWP through WACDEPhas been working with national governments, river

basin organisations, and other stakeholders to transform the systems and institutions that govern development.Ensuring that these mandated actors have the capacity, incentive, and necessary tools to adopt policies, develop plans, and invest in climate-resilient infrastructure was viewed as the most effective pathway to foster such change – sustainably, and at scale.

For the African continent, WACDEP was developed as a response to a request from the African Ministers’ Council on Water for GWP to support the African Union’s agenda on water and sanitation. By 2014, WACDEP and the accompanying Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) had achieved global reach and were being implemented in more than 60 countries worldwide. From theoutset the programme was anchored with government-lednational adaptation planning processes, project preparation, investment planning, and innovation, and it was thus fully embedded in the domestic agendas and development priorities of targeted countries and river basins.

Since its inception, the results from WACDEP and IDMP have been substantial as reflected in the positive conclusions from external evaluations of both programmes conducted in 2017. Some of these results, and the activities behind their achievement, are described in the ten stories presented in this publication. Many more examples exist, and a flavour of these is provided in the GWP water and climate resilience outcomes 2011–2019 at the end of this brochure: the complete record oftangible governance outcomes attributable to WACDEP since the programme began. These results will be further documented in a detailed programme report due to belaunched in December 2019 at the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Source: Global Water Partnership

Related to SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation



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SDG 13: Climate Action

To limit global warming to 1.5°C, global carbon emissions need to fall by a staggering 45 per cent by 2030 from2010 levels 

What’s the goal here?

Taking urgent action to tackle climate change and its impacts.


As greenhouse gas levels continue to climb, climate change is occurring at much higher rates than anticipated, and its effects are evident worldwide. By addressing climate change, we can build a sustain- able world for everyone. But we need to act now.

Are people’s lives really being affected by climate change?

Yes. Severe weather and ris- ing sea levels are affecting people and their property in developed and develop- ing countries. From a small farmer in the Philippines to a businessman in London, climate change is affect- ing everyone, especially

the poor and vulnerable, as well as marginalized groups like women, chil- dren, and the elderly.

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pdf UNSRIP Report to Human Rights Council - 2019. Indigenous peoples and justice Popular


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UNSRIP Report to Human Rights Council - 2019. Indigenous peoples and justice

Human Rights Council
Forty-second session
9–27 September 2019
Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil,
political, economic, social and cultural rights,
including the right to development

PDF: En  Sp  Fr  Ru  Ch  Ar


Rights of indigenous peoples
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples


The present report summarizes activities undertaken since the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples submitted her previous report to the Human Rights Council and provides a thematic study on the rights of indigenous peoples and justice. In the report, the Special Rapporteur analyses issues related to access to justice for indigenous peoples, whether through the ordinary justice system or through their own indigenous justice mechanisms. She explores the interaction and harmonization between ordinary and indigenous justice systems and the opportunities offered by legal pluralism.
The Special Rapporteur concludes with recommendations aimed at strengthening access to justice for indigenous peoples, while upholding international human rights standards, in both ordinary and indigenous justice systems.



I. Introduction

II. Activities of the Special Rapporteur

III. Indigenous peoples and justice

A. Background, aims and methodology
B. Normative standards: right to indigenous justice, access to justice and right to a fair trial
C. Indigenous concepts of law and justice
D. Challenges faced by indigenous peoples in the ordinary justice system
E. Indigenous justice systems
F. Towards harmonization between ordinary and indigenous justice systems

IV. Conclusions and recommendations



I. Introduction

1. The present report is submitted to the Human Rights Council by the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples pursuant to her mandate under Council resolution 33/12. In the report the Special Rapporteur summarizes the activities undertaken since her previous report (A/HRC/39/17) and provides a thematic study on the experience of indigenous peoples with justice. She concludes with recommendations on how various stakeholders can prevent violations and improve protection.

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pdf The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development (Global Sustainable Development Report) Popular


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The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development (Global Sustainable Development Report)


Our world as we know it and the future we want are at risk.

Despite considerable efforts these past four years, we are not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. We must dramatically step up the pace of xiimplementation as we enter a decisive decade for people and the planet. We must connect
the dots across all that we do – as individuals, civic groups, corporations, municipalities and
Member States of the United Nations – and truly embrace the principles of inclusion and sustainability.

Science is our great ally in the efforts to achieve the Goals. The Global Sustainable Development Report 2019, prepared by an independent group of scientists, presents an objective assessment of where we are falling short and what needs to be done. The Report highlights central entry points to leverage interlinkages and accelerate progress across all 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

This Report reminds us that the future is determined by what we do now and the window of opportunity is closing fast. I encourage all actors to translate the insights from this analysis into collective action.

Together, let us make the difficult choices that are necessary to realize our ambition and commit to accelerating progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.



António Guterres



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pdf Report of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council at its 2019 session Popular


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Report of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council at its 2019 session


19-13792 (E) 

In her summary of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council at its 2019 session (E/HLPF/2019/8), the President of the Economic and Social Council reported that, according to the review by the forum of progress in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the world is not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. While the 2030 Agenda and the Goals remain the best road map for overcoming the challenges to ending poverty and achieving sustainable development, a deeper, more ambitious, transformative and integrated response is urgently needed. The international community must move out of its comfort zones to pursue new ways of collective action at a much swifter pace. 

Inclusive and equitable quality education for all is critical and demands new platforms for cooperation, new partnerships, more support for teachers and increased investment in universal quality education and lifelong learning. 

Decent work and economic growth are dynamically interlinked in the Goals and are a means for achieving the 2030 Agenda. New technologies including artificial intelligence, automation and robotics offer both new challenges and opportunities in this area. Special efforts are needed to integrate youth, women and vulnerable groups into the labour market. 

Inequality between and within countries remains a major obstacle to the achievement of the Goals, and inaction in that area risks derailing progress on the 2030 Agenda. Effective polices to reduce inequalities require partnerships and political will. 

Progress on combating climate change and its effects is falling far short of what is needed. Achieving Goal 13 is still within reach, but implementation of existing commitments needs to be accelerated and the level of ambition raised substantially. 

Peace, justice, and transparent, effective, inclusive and accountable institutions, as well as safe civic spaces, are critical to advancing all Goals. This demands responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels. Efforts are also needed to improve data in this area. 

Substantial gaps remain for financing the Goals. National resource mobilization is needed, including through an enabling environment for private investment, strengthening tax administrations and addressing illicit financial flows. Integrated national financing frameworks can support countries in addressing financing challenges. Significant resources can also be mobilized at the regional level. 

Overall, the Goals must be more systematically incorporated in plans and policies, with a focus on prioritization and acceleration of progress through interventions that have potential multiplier effects. An ambitious decade of action will ensure a new trajectory for achievement of the Goals. 

Partnerships and international cooperation are fundamental in supporting small island developing States to achieve their sustainable development goals, particularly in the areas of health and education. Development strategies in least developed countries and landlocked developing countries must target goals beyond economic growth and encompass aspects related to inclusiveness, equality, universal social services, resilience to climate change, and adequate financing. 

In particular, investment in data and capacity is needed for adequate measurements to inform policies that ensure no one is left behind. 

Strengthening the role of non-State actors is also vital, and meaningful stakeholder engagement should include broad, inclusive consultations and the establishment of formal mechanisms for sustained stakeholder engagement in implementation of the Goals, in preparations for and discussions of voluntary national reviews at the high-level political forum. 

Science can guide Governments in shaping policies that address the interactions among the Goals – the co-benefits and the difficult trade-offs – in a way that will spur positive systemic transformations. The Global Sustainable Development Report is an important tool in that regard. 

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Source: UN

pdf Summary by the President of the Economic and Social Council of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Council at its 2019 session Popular


Summary by the President of the Economic and Social Council of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Council at its 2019 session

Summary by the President of the Economic and Social Council of the high-level political forum on sustainable development convened under the auspices of the Council at its 2019 session

I. Introduction

1. The high-level political forum on sustainable development under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council met from 9 to 18 July 2019 at United Nations Headquarters in New York. It included a three-day ministerial segment, from 16 to 18 July.

2. The forum examined progress in the context of the theme “Empowering people and ensuring inclusiveness and equality”. It conducted an in-depth review of six Sustainable Development Goals, on ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all (Goal 4); promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all (Goal 8); reducing inequality within and among countries (Goal 10); taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (Goal 13); promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels (Goal 16); and strengthening the means of implementation and revitalizing the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development (Goal 17). A total of 47 countries presented voluntary national reviews, of which 7 were presenting for the second time.

3. Discussions addressed the extensive activities undertaken in the past year to prepare for forum, including thematic reviews, regional preparatory forums, workshops on national voluntary reviews, stakeholder consultations, as well as the one-year cycle of the Council.

4. The high-level political forum constituted the conclusion of its first four-year review cycle of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Goals. It provided an opportunity for States and stakeholders to take stock of how the forum had delivered on its functions in that regard and to reflect on how to strengthen the forum in the future.

5. The forum held in July will also serve to inform the high-level political forum on sustainable development under the auspices of the General Assembly, to be held in September 2019, during which Heads of State and Government will gather at United Nations Headquarters to conduct their first four-year review of progress in implementing the 2030 Agenda and identify measures to accelerate the progress. The high-level political forum on sustainable development under the auspices of the General Assembly, along with the high-level events to be held during the same week in September – the climate summit called for by the Secretary-General; the high-level meeting on universal health coverage; the High-level Dialogue on Financing for Development; and the high-level review to address progress made with regard to the follow-up to and implementation of the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway – will provide an opportunity to embark upon a new decade of action and delivery.

6. The following participated at the forum: 100 ministers and vice-ministers; the heads of a number of entities of the United Nations system and other organizations; and more than 2,000 representatives of major groups and other stakeholders from all regions. There were also 253 side events, 36 exhibits and 17 voluntary national review informal platforms (“labs”).

7. The present summary, submitted pursuant to paragraph 20 of General Assembly resolution 70/299, benefitted from the contributions of five rapporteurs: the Permanent Representatives of Argentina, Bangladesh, Romania and the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations and the Sustainable Development Goals Coordinator from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. Rapporteurs from Colombia and Liechtenstein shared key messages for the high-level political forum to be held in September, which are reflected in the present summary.

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Source: UN

pdf 4th Vol.: STATE OF THE WORLD’S INDIGENoUS PEOPLES: Implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Popular


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4th Vol.: STATE OF THE WORLD’S INDIGENoUS PEOPLES: Implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


To millions of people the world over, in cities as well as in the most remote communities, 13 September 2007 marked the beginning of an era of renewed hope. On this day the United Nations General Assembly officially adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.1 After more than 20 years of intense dialogue, discussions, negotiations, lobbying and advocacy, the Declaration was adopted by an overwhelming majority of Member States.

The Declaration clearly and unequivocally lays out the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples worldwide as distinct peoples. For indigenous peoples, this Declaration is the formal recognition of their existence, of their right to their own iden- tities, of their right to self-determination, of their cultures and their heritage, and of their rights as peoples, communities and collectivities. As acknowledged and endorsed by the global assembly of Member States, indigenous peoples are not just a group of individual citizens of certain ethnicities but are peoples with distinct identities, cultures and histories, as they have always been and continue to be.

The Declaration also constitutes the framework for new, renewed, reinforced and reor- iented partnerships between States (and other actors) and indigenous peoples. It pro- vides formal guidance, once absent, on how best to respond to the demands of indige- nous peoples on a range of issues that cut across diverse thematic areas including, inter alia, effective participation; free, prior and informed consent; traditional knowledge; access to genetic resources; decentralization; recognition of territorial rights; natu- ral resource management; and development with identity. It is the first international instrument that formally recognizes indigenous peoples’ right to self-determination.

The Declaration has been in place for more than a decade. Has it made a difference? What kind of impact has it had on the survival, dignity and well-being of indigenous peoples. How has it been used? What can be learned from the many ways in which it has been applied and from the obstacles encountered? What gaps and challenges still exist that may be preventing the full implementation of the Declaration? What is the way forward to realize the full potential and promise of the Declaration? These are the questions this publication seeks to explore.

This edition of the State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples constitutes a status report. It offers a perspective on how the Declaration has been utilized—as a formal United Nations document defining and elaborating aspirations, duties and obligations but also as a source of inspiration and a tool for advocacy and awareness. This report highlights trends and good practices in the application of the Declaration but also identifies gaps and challenges hindering full and effective implementation. Drawing on these trends and lessons, the publication also presents recommendations on the way forward in implementing the commitments of the Declaration in pursuit of the full realization of the rights of the millions of indigenous peoples all over the world.

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THEWorld Youth Report: Youth and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, prepared by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, examines the mutually supportive roles of the new agenda and current youth development efforts. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides an interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The United Nations World Youth Report, a biennial flagship publication, offers Member States and other stakeholders information and analysis to take stock of progress made in addressing youth issues, assess policy gaps and chart possible policy responses.

This Report provides insight into the role of young people in sustainable development in the context of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and related frameworks, in particular the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development and the World Programme of Action for Youth. The Report considers the role the 2030 Agenda can play in enhancing youth devel- opment efforts and examines how evidence-based youth policies can help accelerate youth-related objectives. In doing so, the Report explores the critical role young people have in the implementation of sustainable devel- opment efforts at all levels.


Far from being mere beneficiaries of the 2030 Agenda, young people have been active architects in its develop- ment and continue to be engaged in the frameworks and processes that support its implementation, follow-up and review. The adoption of the 2030 Agenda represented the culmination of an extensive three-year process involving Member States and civil society, including youth organi- zations, in the development of specific goals and targets— and marked the beginning of a 15-year journey to achieve sustainable development by 2030.

Today, there are 1.2 billion young people aged 15 to 24 years, accounting for 16 per cent of the global pop- ulation.* The active engagement of youth in sustainable development efforts is central to achieving sustainable, inclusive and stable societies by the target date, and to averting the worst threats and challenges to sustainable development, including the impacts of climate change, unemployment, poverty, gender inequality, conflict, and migration.

While all the Sustainable Development Goals are critical to youth development, this Report focuses primarily on the areas of education and employment, underlining the realization of targets under these Goals as fundamental to overall youth development. Issues related to other Goals—including gender equality, good health, reducing inequality, combating poverty and hunger, and action on environmental issues and climate change—are also addressed briefly within the scope of the Report.


More than two years into the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, unacceptably high numbers of young people are still experiencing poor education and employment outcomes.

In education, 142 million youth of upper secondary age are out of school, and upper secondary enrolment rates average only 14 per cent in low-income countries. Moreover, almost 30 per cent of the poorest 12- to 14-year olds have never attended school, and many of the youth of the future are still unable to obtain an acceptable pri- mary education. In many regions, young women face particular challenges in terms of securing and completing an education. Disparities within and between countries in educational participation among youth are stark, with female gender, poverty, rurality, disability, and migrant/ refugee status all being major elements of disadvantage.

Inequalities in access are reinforced by discrimination and violence often directed towards these same groups.

Even though the global economy has started to recover, youth employment has worsened in recent years. There are presently 71 million young people unemployed, and many millions more are in precarious or informal work. ILO estimates that 156 million youth in low- and middle-income countries are living in poverty even though they are employed.

The challenges of securing and retaining decent work are even more serious and complex for vulnerable and marginalized youth including young women, those living in humanitarian settings, youth with disabilities, migrant youth, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth. While entrepreneurship offers opportunities for some youth, a diverse and robust employment strategy must include options and opportunities for all young people in society.

At the level of global policy, finance and meas- urement are major issues that need to be addressed as part of worldwide youth development efforts. At the national level, policy and programmatic responses to the Sustainable Development Goals have been slow and should be accelerated. The Report includes case studies to highlight ways of building successful programmes that address the individual and socioeconomic contexts in which young people actually live, rather than simply repeating the skills-for-employability rhetoric which supposes that there are formal sector jobs available if only young people were not so unprepared. Equally, such programmes view entrepreneurship practically, as a part of livelihood strategy, rather than through an ideological lens. They believe young people can succeed in business but need support and face risks.

It is important to recognize that the human rights and flourishing of youth are about more than successful transitions to employment. Young people have aspira- tions that are far broader and that need to be valued and supported. Approaches that focus on prioritizing youth participation, respecting youth rights, and addressing youth aspirations are key. Rather than rating the success of programmes on narrow measures of educational or employment attainment, it is crucial that institutional, pro- gramme and policy evaluations be more firmly grounded

in young people’s own accounts of what they value for their human development and for the sustainable devel- opment of their communities and this shared planet.

In the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, specifically Goal 17, developed nations are pledg- ing to fully implement official development assistance (ODA) obligations, and many are committed to focusing that aid on countries most in need. In this regard, the 2030 Agenda requests donor countries to consider providing at least 0.20 per cent of gross national income (GNI) as ODA to least developed countries. On top of this, Goal 17 sets a number of targets related to technology transfer, investment and trade aimed at encouraging greater investment in developing countries in ways that promote sustainable development.

Beyond these broad commitments, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides for mechanisms to boost collab- oration between governments, civil society, the private sector, and other stakeholders in the areas of technology, infrastructure development and investment, and pov- erty alleviation. Importantly for the youth employment challenge, the Agenda specifically commits countries to promoting stable and affordable access to finance in support of small and medium-sized enterprises, which are essential for promoting job creation. For developed coun- tries, the Agenda provides important targets for increasing foreign aid.


The World Youth Report looks at the role data and evidence play in the development and implementation of policies for achieving the Goals and targets set out in the 2030 Agenda. Evidence-based youth policies, tailored and adapted to national and (where possible) local con- texts, help ensure that youth development challenges are addressed. The Report highlights key elements that help ensure a youth policy is effective, including pro- viding political leadership and strategic vision; securing adequate budget and resource allocations; using timely and accurate data on the situation of young people; uti- lizing the knowledge, experience and expertise of young people in the design, implementation and evaluation of

the youth policy; mainstreaming and integrating youth policies across sectors; taking into account the linkages and impacts of policy objectives; and developing a trans- parent monitoring and accountability framework.

The Report also makes the case that relevant and timely data on how much and how well public financial resources have been utilized to achieve youth-related goals are essential for addressing gaps and improving the effectiveness of existing spending. There are impor- tant lessons to be learned from recent efforts to monitor spending in other cross-cutting areas such as gender, children and climate.

The Report further underlines the need to strengthen youth participation mechanisms to facilitate young peo- ple’s engagement in policies and activities that enhance sustainable development efforts. Particular attention should be given to increasing youth involvement in national sustainable development coordination councils, working with national youth councils, expanding the United Nations Youth Delegate Programme and other opportunities for youth representation, and ensuring that young people contribute to voluntary national reviews of progress on the Sustainable Development Goals.

One of the most serious impediments to effec- tively meeting youth development challenges under the 2030 Agenda is the lack of timely and accurate age- disaggregated data on the situation of youth. While 90 of the 232 indicators developed to measure implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals can be considered relevant to young people, efforts to collect data on these indicators reveal a widespread lack of age-disaggregated data. The statistical annex to the present Report details the available data and data gaps. Bridging the large gaps in data availability and addressing data inequalities between and within countries will require significant capacity-building, substantial financial investment, and innovative approaches to the collection, use and dissem- ination of accurate and timely data, especially in the least developed countries.

If appropriately leveraged, the data revolution and the emergence of new technologies can provide enor- mous opportunities to amass a significant amount of data on the situation of youth. Greater efforts to foster public-private partnerships between the Government,

the private sector, civil society and academia are critical in this context.


While the international community will play an essential role in providing overall leadership by bringing stakehold- ers together, channelling international financial support, and providing technical assistance, real solutions to the economic and social challenges facing youth will begin and end at home. Governments should therefore support those youth initiatives and activities at the grass-roots and national levels that contribute to the realization of the 2030 Agenda.

Critical to the success of the 2030 Agenda are the role of young people in engaging with local and national government in delivering on policies and programmes on the ground; the role of public-private partnerships in driving the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, including financing and harnessing technology for data collection and utilization; and the role of youth participation in informing equitable and diverse policy design, imple- mentation, monitoring and evaluation.


The World Youth Report emphasizes that the Goals, tar- gets and instruments incorporated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development offer increased opportu- nities to advance youth development objectives in the context of social, economic and environmental sustain- able development efforts. When coupled with existing efforts to advance youth policy development and imple- mentation, both through targeted youth policies and the mainstreaming of youth issues, the new development landscape offers innumerable opportunities for young people to thrive. However, for these efforts to be suc- cessful, much more is needed in terms of political com- mitment, financing, measurement, data collection, and targeted interventions in support of youth. In the areas of education and employment, large gaps remain in the input needed to realize the Goals and targets set out in Agenda 2030 and complementary frameworks.

Source: UN

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Executive Summary

The 2017 meeting of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) took place from 10 to 19 July. A total of 43 countries presented voluntary national reviews, up from 22 countries that presented inaugural reviews at the 2016 HLPF. With this, more than a third of countries will have conducted a voluntary national review, sharing progress, experiences, lessons learned and challenges in implementing the 2030 Agenda. Looking ahead, at the 2018 HLPF, 48 countries will present their national reviews. Three of these will be conducting their second review at the HLPF (Colombia, Egypt, and Switzerland) and one country its third (Togo). This report synthesizes some of the findings of the VNRs, drawing from the written reports. As in the synthesis of the 2016 VNRs, the report uses a theme-based analysis drawn largely from the voluntary common guidelines contained in the Annex to the SecretaryGeneral’s report on critical milestones towards coherent, efficient and inclusive follow-up and review at the global level (A/70/684). This synthesis report examines the efforts of reporting countries to implement the 2030 Agenda, including challenges, gaps, achievements and lessons learned. The high quality of the national reports reflects the effort that the 2017 VNR countries have invested in the preparations for the HLPF. It is evident that countries have built on the solid foundations of the inaugural reports, while adding new and innovative elements.






  1. The Region of the Americas is a multi-ethnic multicultural region inhabited by indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants, Roma, and members of other ethnic groups, making it essential to recognize their different health situations and needs. These populations often endure multiple forms of discrimination and exclusion, resulting in significant inequities, including high levels of poverty and violence, and consequently, the denial of their individual rights and, for indigenous peoples, their collective rights.
  2. This policy is based on recognition of the differences that exist between different ethnic groups, both between countries and within them, and on the recognition of the differences in their challenges, needs, and respective historical contexts, as well as the need for an intercultural approach to health from the standpoint of equality and mutual respect, thereby contributing to better health outcomes and progress toward universal health. This requires recognition of the value of culture and the provision of guidelines that will help countries devise joint solutions and commit to developing policies that take the perspective of the various ethnic groups into account, considering gender, the life course perspective, promotion and respect for individual rights and, for indigenous peoples, collective rights.






  1. La Región de las Américas se caracteriza por ser multiétnica y multicultural. En ella coexisten los pueblos indígenas, los afrodescendientes, los romaníes y los miembros de otros grupos étnicos, lo cual implica reconocer diversas realidades y necesidades en el ámbito de la salud. Muchas veces estas poblaciones se enfrentan a múltiples formas de discriminación y de exclusión, lo que conlleva mayores inequidades, como niveles altos de pobreza y violencia y, consecuentemente, la negación de sus derechos individuales y, para los pueblos indígenas, sus derechos colectivos.
  2. Esta política se basa en el reconocimiento de las diferencias que existen entre los distintos grupos étnicos, tanto entre los países como dentro de ellos, así como en el reconocimiento de las diferencias en cuanto a sus retos, necesidades y respectivos contextos históricos, y de la necesidad de un enfoque intercultural de la salud desde un plano de igualdad y respeto mutuo que contribuya a mejorar los resultados en materia de salud y avanzar hacia la salud universal. Para ello, es necesario reconocer el valor de la cultura, y proveer lineamientos que sirvan a los países para crear soluciones conjuntas y para comprometerse a desarrollar políticas desde la perspectiva de los distintos grupos étnicos, considerando el enfoque de género, la perspectiva del curso de vida, la promoción y el respeto de los derechos individuales y, para los pueblos indígenas, los derechos colectivos.

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Meta 6: Garantizar la disponibilidad y la gestión sostenible del agua y del saneamiento para todos

Meta 7: Garantizar el acceso universal a la energía asequible, fiable, sostenible y moderna

Meta 11: Hacer que las ciudades y los asentamientos humanos sean inclusivos, seguros, resistentes y sostenibles

Meta 12: Garantizar patrones de producción y consumo sostenibles

Meta 15: Proteger, recuperar y promover el uso sostenible de ecosistemas terrestres, gestionar de manera sostenible los bosques, combatir la desertificación y detener y revertir la degradación de la tierra y ponerle fin a la pérdida de la biodiversidad

Meta 17: Fortalecer los medios de implementación y revitalización de la asociación mundial para el desarrollo sostenible

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Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

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